What causes Kidney Disease?KIDNEY DISEASE CAN AFFECT ANYONE, AT ANY AGE! Kidneys can become so damaged from disease that they can no longer perform their bodily duties. This can lead to ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE -- a short term loss of function, and END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE -- permanent, irreversible damage to both kidneys. Fortunately, if one kidney is lost, or even if both or partly damaged, the remaining tissue is usually strong enough to do the job. The main types and causes of kidney and related diseases include: Pyelonephritis occurs when infections in other parts of the body can spread to the kidneys. Risk factors include diabetes obstructions of the urinary tract, and long-term use of catheters. Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of blood vessels in the kidneys. It is usually caused by strep infections of the skin and throat. Kidney Stones are hard deposits formed in the kidneys, which can block drainage. They may be caused by excess calcium in the urine. Risk factors include dehydration, heavy use of alcohol, excess vitamin D, and family history of kidney stones. Nephrotic Syndrome is the result of excess protein in the urine, causing tissues to swell. This is most common in children. In adults, it may be a complication of diabetes, lupus or other illnesses. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs. Having some cysts is harmless, but having many cysts (polycystic kidney disease) may cause the kidney to become abnormally large. This condition is inherited. High Blood Pressure can damage small arteries in the kidneys over time. A vicious cycle begins -- damage to kidneys causes more serious high blood pressure, which damages the kidneys. Diabetes can also damage blood vessels in the kidneys. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney problems.
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